Saturday, May 23, 2020

The Secret Of The Undergraduate Program - 855 Words

Guiding Undergraduate Students The secret in education lies in respecting the student. The role of the undergraduate program is to understand what is being learned in the classroom, and taking it out of the educational structure. As professionals, it is significant to have an outreach where the students are involved, can learn around the student experience, are guided into real life jobs, and have a mentor who will be an advocate for them. The foremost goal is trying to make the students more involved. If we can set up an environment of positivity and influence, formerly, we can set the groundwork for their development in the professional world. The professionalism that we put forth, and setting examples, that if their name is attached to it, that it should be done to the best of their abilities; that there are no excuses not to give all they have towards their goals. Furthermore, making sure their experience and involvement in the school has reached beyond just success in classes, nonetheless, finding success in their careers of choice. The message we should stress, is learning as the primary activity and goal of the college environment; learning to challenge the status quo while becoming innovators. In other words, the priority should be to set up a comfortable environment where the students will be able to grow beyond what they learn. It should be our job to give them this environment where they are comfortable to talk about almost any subject manor. Additionally,Show MoreRelatedCase Study : Yale Universitys Ranking National University759 Words   |  4 Pagesscience and environmental studies {and college|and school|and college} of Divya faculty area unit well-regarded well in graduate programs. The Yale record is that the oldest college comedy magazine inside the state. Dwight Hall Associate Freelance umbrella organization that promotes stud ent service and policy inside the native city community. Yale accepts for her secret societies, the foremost vital samples of the OS and Bone Society of that category, that claim members like St. W. Bush and John KerryRead MoreThe Cause Of The Problem In The University Campus Network1095 Words   |  5 PagesI started gaining research experience during my undergraduate program after taking a networking course. Then, with my personal studies on routing and switching, I established a serious interest and anxiety to know why our campus lab’s network was always down. It was a serious research issue because I bent on knowing the cause of the problems and possible solutions to solve such problems. It was then that I discovered that the problem in our University Campus network had to do with security issuesRead MoreA Graduate Program Director And Committee Members1072 Words   |  5 PagesDear Graduate Program Director and Committee members, I have always been interested in learning more about the underlying secrets of living organisms and it intrigued me to prefer Biology compared to other science subjects. I completed my undergraduate and MS degree from the Department of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology at the University of Dhaka which is the top-ranked biology program of Bangladesh. For further studies, I decided to come to the United States because of the tremendousRead MoreThe Male Student Of Color1497 Words   |  6 Pagesmales of color. Through a national search for additional financing and through the involvement of the system’s board, this program has been viewed as one of the top programs for addressing issues many colleges face such as retention, graduation and student success. According to a report in Men of Color, â€Å"In 2009, Black men accounted for less than 4 percent of full–time undergraduates at public colleges and universities, but were 55 percent of football and basketbal l team members at public Division I institutionsRead MoreGrit : Perseverance And Passion For Long Term Goals Essay1313 Words   |  6 Pagesgrittier individuals tend to switch careers less than less grittier individuals. The hypothesis was supported. In the third study, a sample of undergraduate students, to participate in a self- reporting survey, an e-mail invitation sent to undergraduates in psychology major, team tested whether grit was associated with a cumulative GPA among undergraduates at an elite university, team used SAT score as a measure of general mental ability. The results were as expected; grittier students tend to outperformRead MoreWhere Are All The Women?1105 Words   |  5 Pagesresponsibility? Actually, today’s engineering profession takes gender diversity in college very seriously. In early 1970, Georgia Tech and Caltech both had zero female undergraduates, but â€Å"in 2011, Georgia Tech led the nation in granting engineering bachelor’s degrees to women, and in Caltech, women comprised around 40 percent of undergraduate enrollment.† Amy Bix, who is the author of â€Å"Girls Coming to Tech!: A History of American Engineering Education for Women†, tries to from a historical perspe ctiveRead MoreThe Size Of The College866 Words   |  4 Pagesopportunities are limited and so are the choices of majors. On a small campus, however students have more flexibility and freedom with their classes. â€Å"Often smaller colleges are more flexible about requirements and give you more leeway to construct programs that meet your individual interests. Some even allow you to design your own majors or don t have majors at all.†(Hyman, Jeremy S., and Lynn F. Hyman). When students are able to make their own majors, they are receiving a more accurate educationRead MoreInformation Assurance : Most Important Aspects And Considerations Essay1543 Words   |  7 Pagesinformation. According to Information Security Curriculum Creation: A Case Study, â€Å"A survey of undergraduate degree programs in Computer Science, Information Technology, Management Information Science, and others show a lack of emphasis on security issues in their curriculum.† There is a strong need to secure and protect information for many, many reasons and as such it is important that an undergraduate curriculum provides a comprehensive approach to teaching information security concepts to itsRead MorePublic Relations Chairm An Overview1344 Words   |  6 Pagesprojects the chapter’s positive reputation by evaluating chapter activities for positive public relations and educates the chapter about the importance of positive public relations. Role of Public Relations Chairman: âž ¢ Supervise the Public Relations Program. âž ¢ Act as the steward of chapter’s positive reputation. âž ¢ Serve as a role model to the rest of the chapter. âž ¢ Represent what the chapter and the Fraternity stand for to others on campus and in the community. Responsibilities of Public Relations ChairmanRead MoreThe Mba Decision1525 Words   |  7 Pagesincrease he would have, thereby maximizing his potential income. Waiting would delay possible increases and can possibly reduce his opportunity to be selected for such position. So Ben’s age plays a critical role for Ben and he should start his MBA program as soon as possible. Question 2 What other, perhaps non-quantifiable factors, affect Ben’s decision to get an MBA? Below are some of the non-quantifiable factors which may affect Ben’s decision to get an MBA: - If Ben works hard on his MBA, he could

Monday, May 18, 2020

Justinian And The Roman Empire - 1477 Words

The Byzantine Empire, though often forgotten among better-known empires, such as the Roman Empire, ran for nearly one thousand years, occupying the eastern half of what once was the Roman Empire. It engaged in trade, expansion, and decades of warfare. It also gave women a better status then men, valued and preserved Greek history, and eventually fell to the Ottomans. During the year 535, Justinian overthrew the Ostrogothic Kingdom, which had occupied Italy after the split and decline of the Roman Empire. Justinian was said to be the most ambitious emperor since Constantine, whose rule ended in 337. His goal in overthrowing the Ostrogothic Kingdom was to eventually reunify the Roman Empire. Belisarius, Justinian’s general, had already†¦show more content†¦Under the first emperor, Heraclius, the new empire struggled to keep its territory. Persia was conquering land rapidly, taking the empire’s territories in Syria and Palestine, along with Jerusalem. It took unti l 627 for Heraclius to gain a victory, recapturing Jerusalem from the Persians. It was not long, however, before Islam had sparked a desire for expansion in the Arabs. They quickly conquered Jerusalem, the entire Persian Empire, and headed to claim North Africa. In 677, the Arabs attempted to take Constantinople, the city along the port Byzantium was named for. Unlike Heraclius, the emperor during the second attempt on Constantinople had a better strategy, known as the â€Å"Greek Fire†. Leo III was able to not only defeat the Arabs at Constantinople, but also reclaim almost all of the Asia Minor, which was known as the Imperial Heartland for nearly three hundred years. Due to a stable government and a properly managed economy, the Byzantine Empire was able to last for quite a while. Emperors used their power correctly and there was a centralized government that helped keep the empire functioning even during rough times. Constantinople’s bureaucracy made sure everythin g ran smoothly. They regulated prices and wages, had systems for licensing, controlled the trade, oversaw schools, churches, observation of holidays, and even controlled the military and courts. The

Monday, May 11, 2020

Analysis Of The Locker Room By Bob Goldman, Patricia Bush,...

Many athletes are particularly trusting with regards to performance enhancers because many of them are eager to be the best in their respective sport. At the professional level, where athletes are expected to perform at high levels, many who are desperate to keep their jobs will do whatever they can to match the standard. In their book Death in the Locker Room, authors Bob Goldman, Patricia Bush, and Ronald Klatz discuss this immense pressure athletes feel to use PEDs. The authors explain how players often place this pressure on themselves because of an overwhelming desire to become famous, adored athletes. To investigate this urge, Goldman and his colleagues performed a study on 198 elite athletes, where the authors asked the athletes if they would take a drug that would give them unlimited athletic success for the next five years, but would kill them five years after that time. Shockingly, over half of the athletes admitted that they would. Goldman and his team’s findings showed that these athletes feel a practically overwhelming desire for success to the point that they would face an early death in order to secure their becoming glorious heroes. If the MLB were to allow athletes such as these access to any drug that were available, the consequences would be detrimental. Many professional baseball players, maybe as many as half, would take any and every drug despite all of the health risks and warnings just for short-lived fame. Goldman and his colleagues also

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Exploring the Foreclosure Crisis and Steps to Ensure That...

In the past years we have seen a huge decline in the housing market. There have been numerous failures with some of our large institutions and we have woken up in a financial work completely different from two years ago. Our current recession was brought on by many things. People have been using their home equity lines as credit cards, corporate greed, bad loans including subprime, and a lot of very bad decisions by consumers. Our government has taken many steps towards trying to improve our current crises. The Tarp program was a last minute quick fix of temporary assets in a last attempt to help failed financial institutions. These funds are a ticking time bomb. It appears there is light at the end of the tunnel and our U shaped†¦show more content†¦I think we should start a government funded program that encourages people to purchase homes and teaches them about debt and how to manage their finances. Not everyone can afford an accountant or a CPA so we need to giv e people the knowledge and tools to be able to help themselves and make sure our personal debt is under control and help us fix every other situation we are in. People need to be taught the importance of credit scores and saving. So many people I know did not know anything about credit and ruined it from their early twenties. Your credit and your savings are key to a strong financial foundation. We could have different seminars for people so they can truly learn and offer it free to the public. We could have knowledgeable bankers volunteer and help people understand. It was the greedy financial institutions, the lenders who did not verify vital information, and the households that did not manage their wealth and were living beyond their means that led to this crisis. There is not one person or institution to blame for this crisis. We have only to look in the mirror. We have all made bad decisions. I myself did not know until recently that outstanding debt effects credit. There is so much each of us does not know and it is my dream to become a banker and be able to help people with my wisdom in finance. I would like to help people who do not know about fixing and building their credit and teach them howShow MoreRelatedDevelopmental Psychology14082 Words   |  57 Pagessocially. There are many different theories and they all take a stand on 3 basic issues: Is the course of development continuous or discontinuous? Does one coarse of development characterise all children or are there many possible courses? Are genetic or environmental facto rs more important in influencing behaviour – nature versus nurture controversy? In this essay I am going to discuss the ideas of Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory and The Information Processing approach regarding these three aspectsRead MoreDevelopmental Psychology14091 Words   |  57 Pagessocially. There are many different theories and they all take a stand on 3 basic issues: Is the course of development continuous or discontinuous? Does one coarse of development characterise all children or are there many possible courses? Are genetic or environmental factors more important in influencing behaviour – nature versus nurture controversy? In this essay I am going to discuss the ideas of Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory and The Information Processing approach regarding these three aspects Read MoreConsumer Credit12385 Words   |  50 Pagesindeed added a new feather to the gamete of banking lexicon. The introduction of retail banking in Bangladesh has led the banking industry to the doorstep of embryonic prospects and potentials. Consequently, several local and foreign banks came in this country to get abundant benefit for their financial betterment. In recent years, the banks are aggressively pursuing their marketing strategy to take hold of new segments with purpose to discover new opportunities because the tremendous market competitionRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 Pages10/12 Weidemann-Book Credits and acknowledgments borrowed from other sources and reproduced, with permission, in this textbook appear on appropriate page within text. Copyright  © 2011, 2007, 2005, 2002, 1998 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, One Lake Street, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458. All rights reserved. Manufactured in the United States of America. This publication is protected by Copyright, and permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibitedRead MoreMerger and Acquisition: Current Issues115629 Words   |  463 Pages copy or transmission of this publication may be made without written permission. No paragraph of this publication may be reproduced, copied or transmitted save with written permission or in accordance with the provisions of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, or under the terms of any licence permitting limited copying issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency, 90 Tottenham Court Road, London W1T 4LP. Any person who does any unauthorized act in relation to this publication may be liableRead MoreCorporation (Fisch) Outline Penn Law Essay62808 Words   |  252 Page s in a world of positive transaction costs, it is sometimes more efficient to organize complex tasks within a hierarchical organization; firm permits transactions (especially complex and reiterated ones) to be accomplished more cheaply. o Types of Firms: ââ€" ª Sole Proprietorship- single owner firm ââ€" ª Partnership- an association of two or more persons to carry on as co-owners of a business for profit ââ€" ª Corporation- a special business form created byRead MoreSolutions: Income Statement and Pearson Education121412 Words   |  486 PagesPearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Chapter 1 The Corporation 1-1. 1-2. What is the most important difference between a corporation and all other organization forms? A corporation is a legal entity separate from its owners. What does the phrase limited liability mean in a corporate context? Owners’ liability is limited to the amount they invested in the firm. Stockholders are not responsible for any encumbrances of the firm; in particular, they cannot be required to pay back any

Vespucci View on Native Americans Free Essays

The impression that I got from people accounted to Vespucci is that Native Indians are barbarians with no shame. Vespucci gives the impression by showing that they are cannibals (Vespucci 18). For example, they will eat human flesh from their enemies. We will write a custom essay sample on Vespucci View on Native Americans or any similar topic only for you Order Now They have no leader and no rules are set. Basically, I picture humans running around like wild animals without shame. In addition, the men are lustful without shame, taking as much women as they can. Even the women are crazy; they would cause abortion if their husband anger them (Vespucci 18). I get the impression that they have no remorse and that they are evil. The only positive thing that I feel is that they are creative, when it comes to music and that food is plentiful. For example, the Indians play various instruments such as horns and bells (Vespucci 18). Overall, I feel that these Indians are too psychotic and that they need to reform their ways immediately. The document shows that the author is pretty honest, but cocky. He would offer friendship first, but if the Indians do not accept, they would be subjected to slavery (Vespucci 18). This shows me that he’s at least fair when making deals. I feel that he’s fascinated by the way the Indians live, but not in a good way. His tone is arrogant, because his people see Indians as a pathetic civilization. The author shows that he did not know that such people existed, until he discovered them. He contradicts himself though, when he would capture Indians and make them into slaves if they did not accept his friendship. Enslaving people is also immoral and unethical. Vespucci is a bit headstrong when judging others, when he too is judged by others. How to cite Vespucci View on Native Americans, Essay examples

Drug Addiction and Cocaine User free essay sample

It causes feelings of euphoria, pleasure, increased energy and alertness. People under the influence of cocaine often do not feel the need for food or sleep. They also feel energetic and may talk a lot. However, depending on factors such as environment, dosage, and the manner in which the drug is taken, cocaine can have adverse effects such as violent, erratic behavior, dizziness, paranoia, insomnia, convulsions, and  heart failure to name a few. Long- term effects of cocaine include, but are not limited to strokes,  heart attacks, seizures, loss of memory, and decrease in learning capability (1). People may not always know the exact consequences of the drug they are taking; however, chances are that they do know that the drug is unhealthy for them. Schools across the country educate about the dangers of drug use and abuse through programs like D. A. R. E. , television stations show anti-drug advertisements as a public service, and even city buses blazon anti-drug propaganda. People are aware that very rarely does anything good come from drug use, and still, everyday people fall victim to drugs. Why do people succumb to the urge to try drugs? It feels good why else? When a person takes cocaine, it  causes a rush. There is between one or two minutes of intense pleasure. This is followed by five to 8 minutes of euphoria, then as the high comes down, an overwhelming urge for more, which may last for a day. (3) When a user is between cocaine doses or halts usage, the opposite effects occur. The user is depressed and tired (2). Cocaine is attractive to users because it triggers dopamine. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that is present in many regions of the brain. In normal mice, the  introduction of cocaine increases dopamine by 150 percent. Dopamine regulates movement, emotion, motivation, and the feeling of pleasure. In a normal brain, dopamine is released by a neuron into a synapse and then it moves to dopamine receptors on other neurons. It is then moved back to the neuron that transmitted the dopamine initially. When cocaine enters the area of the brain where the dopamine is located, it blocks the reuptake pumps that remove the dopamine from the synapse of the nerve cell. Thus, more dopamine gathers at the synapse and feelings of intense pleasure result. This feeling continues until cocaine is naturally removed from the system (2). Research findings by the National Institute of Drug Addiction (NIDA) demonstrate that cocaine not only affects the level of dopamine in the brain, but also the level of serotonin. In a study using mice without dopamine transporters, the mice were given cocaine and they still experienced rewarding effects. This was obvious because the animals kept on attempting to get or self-administer more. These researchers speculate that more than one neurotransmitter is responsible for the pleasurable feeling cocaine yields (2). Although main hypothesis as to why cocaine is so pleasurable, is that it alters levels of dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin, some scientists report that cocaine effects approximately 90 different parts of the brain, not just the two main regions of the amygdala and the nucleus accumbens. However, it is interesting that it is these two regions of the brain that remain active after the cocaine has left the system, and the powerful, uncontrollable desire for the drug has set in. (3)   The first time people use cocaine and its effects fade, they want more. Such is the nature of the drug. The main reason cocaine use continues is the need to experience the high and the development of dependence. Dependence is, the need to maintain a level of the drug in the brain to both satisfy the need and stimulate the reward center, and avoid physical withdrawal symptoms (5). There is continual research occurring about dependence and how it can be streamlined. It was recently discovered through newer imaging techniques that cocaine hinders blood flow. This is why is it can cause brain damage or defects. Recent research demonstrates that if a cocaine user even thinks about cocaine, the blood flow is altered. This suggests that the addictive nature of the drug is stronger than we think, because simply thinking about it produces similar results in addicts brains (4). This is likely to be a result of the way in which cocaine changes the structure of an abuser’s brain. Scientists are working furiously for a way to combat cocaine addiction. They specifically are examining the genetic factors that contribute to the addiction (5). However, even if scientists do identify all of the factors that cause addiction, they are still faced with the dilemma of how exactly to stop the addiction. New hope to end cocaine addiction lies in experimental drugs, such as one that is used to treat epilepsy and holistic approaches such as acupuncture. Although it may seem like science knows a great deal about addiction and the effects of cocaine, scientific knowledge still cannot make the cocaine problem disappear. There is no sure cure for cocaine addiction. Once you try the drug, addiction strikes randomly, like a bullet in a game of Russian roulette. There is no cure for the addiction. Before trying the drug, really think; is a moment of pleasure worth a lifetime of pain? Treatment for Cocaine is very complex but just like treatment for any other drug it is possible. Cocaine abuse and addiction is a problem involving biological changes in the brain as well as social, family, and environmental factors. Therefore, treatment of cocaine addiction is complex, and must address a variety of problems. Like any good treatment plan, cocaine treatment strategies need to assess the psychobiological, social, and pharmacological aspects of the patients drug abuse. As far as pharmacological changes there are no medications currently available to treat cocaine addiction specifically. Consequently, NIDA is aggressively pursuing the identification and testing of new cocaine treatment medications. Several newly emerging compounds are being investigated to assess their safety and efficacy in  treating cocaine addiction. For example, one of the most promising anti-cocaine drug medications to date, Selegeline, is being taken into multi-site phase III clinical trials in 1999. These trials will evaluate two innovative routes of Selegeline administration: a transdermal patch and a time-released pill, to determine which is most beneficial. Disulfiram, a medication that has been used to  treat alcoholism, has also been shown, in clinical studies, to be effective in reducing cocaine abuse. † (7) Because of mood changes experienced during the early stages of cocaine abstinence, antidepressant drugs have been shown to be of some benefit. In addition to the problems of treating addiction, cocaine overdose results in many deaths every year and medical treatments are being developed to deal with the acute emergencies resulting from excessive cocaine abuse. Many behavioral treatments have been found to be effective for cocaine addiction, including both residential and outpatient approaches. Indeed, behavioral therapies are often the only available, effective treatment approaches to many drug problems, including cocaine addiction. However, integration of both types of treatments is ultimately the most effective approach for treating addiction. It is important to match the best treatment to the needs of the patient. This may include adding to or removing from an individuals treatment a number of different components or elements. â€Å"For example, if an individual is prone to relapses, a relapse component should be added to the program. A behavioral therapy component that is showing positive results in many cocaine-addicted populations is contingency management. Contingency management uses a voucher-based system to give positive rewards for staying in treatment and remaining cocaine free. Based on drug-free urine tests, the patients earn points, which can be exchanged for items that encourage healthy living, such as joining a gym, or going to a movie and dinner. † (7) Cognitive-behavioral therapy is another approach. Cognitive-behavioral coping skills treatment, for example, is a short-term, focused approach to helping cocaine-addicted individuals become abstinent from cocaine and other substances. The underlying assumption is that learning processes play an important role in the development and continuation of cocaine abuse and dependence. The same learning processes can be employed to help individuals reduce drug use. This approach attempts to help patients to recognize, avoid, and cope; which then helps to recognize the situations in which they are most likely to use cocaine, avoid these situations when appropriate, and cope more effectively with a range of problems and problematic behaviors associated with drug abuse. â€Å"This therapy is also noteworthy because of its compatibility with a range of other treatments patients may receive, such as pharmacotherapy. Therapeutic communities, or residential programs with planned lengths of stay of 6 to 12 months, offer another alternative to those in need of treatment for cocaine addiction. Therapeutic communities are often comprehensive, in that they focus on the resocialization of the individual to society, and can include on-site vocational rehabilitation and other supportive services. Therapeutic communities typically are used to treat patients with more severe problems, such as co-occurring mental health problems and criminal involvement. † (7) I chose cocaine as my research topic because I was not too familiar with this drug. I know people in my life who have used this drug; however, I did not know the details and treatment methods behind this addiction. Cocaine like any other addiction is very hard to overcome.

Thursday, April 30, 2020

Peter The Greats Westernization Of Russia Essays - House Of Romanov

Peter the Great's Westernization of Russia Peter the Great's Westernization of Russia In 1689, Tsar Peter I forced his way into power in Russia. Better known as Peter the Great, he overthrew his half-sister's regime and took control of the state. At this time, Russia was dealing with rapid expansion, yet it was still a very backwards country compared to the rest of Europe. Russia was also dealing with economic woes. Peter loathed this backward condition and devised a plan. Within ten years of gaining power, he began to travel through western Europe in search of skilled workers. On his tour of western Europe, Peter met kings, scientists, craft workers and ship builders. He even worked undercover in a Netherlands shipyard in hopes of learning better methods of crafting vessels. Eighteen months later Peter returned to Russia and began to use this new wealth of knowledge to "westernize" his nation. His idea of westernization was the modernization of Russia. He wanted to "turn Russia to the west". Peter the Great adopted many of the ideas used by Ivan the Terrible in the fifteenth century. He ruled as a tyrant and held himself above the law. Peter alarmed the nobility and churchmen with his new objective. He snipped off the beards of the Boyars, land-owning men of influence and wealth, and ended their sway in government. Peter was determined to "civilize" nobility and even composed a book of manners. This book forbid such actions as spitting on floors and eating without utensils. He also promoted courtly discussions between men and women. Eventually he ended up increasing their power over the serfs, the countryside peasants. Next, Peter fortified Russia's army and navy to ensure a strong military, established a modern iron industry to promote production, and expanded and added additional roads and canals for the purpose of stimulating trade. Farming and manufacturing were also encouraged by the tsar. Unfortunately for the serfs they were not only burdened with the task of mandatory labor for the state, but they were left to deal with steep taxes as well. For them, a less than bountiful harvest often meant starvation. In the implementation of his new ideas, Tsar Peter had twelve hundred of the streltsy, the elite army corps who opposed westernization, executed and hung in public. He left their decomposing bodies on display in front of the Kremlin for months to dissuade challenges to his authority. He even tortured his own son when he voiced opposition to Peter's wave of change. These merciless actions stunned everyone and proved his determination and power. Peter also appointed a personal agent to regulate the affairs of the Russian Orthodox Church. This led to the church becoming a virtual extension of the state. In 1709, Peter defeated Swedish forces at the battle of Poltava and gained land on the Gulf of Finland. He then moved the capital of Russia to the newly constructed port city of St. Petersburg. It is here that Peter flaunted his country's rising wealth and created Peterhof, an elaborate palace emulating Louis XIV's Versailles. St. Petersburg was built by serfs and ensured Russia's access to the west. Peter the Great died in 1725. One major thing he left out of his idea of westernization appears to be the exploration and colonization of far off lands. He was more focused on strengthening Russia from within. While England, France, Spain and Portugal were heavily involved in exploration, Peter was working diligently to bring his nation to the same level as his western neighbors. He carried Russia a long way from Ivan the Terrible's "time of troubles". His country was now much more powerful in terms of its military, its economy and its status in Europe. Peter had paved the road to a more powerful positon in the world economy. The reign of Peter the Great was not one of grand humanity but it led his country into the future. His hard work and stringency created a nation of power and influence out of the backwards and laggard realm that he had acquired. He was a stern man, often overly barbaric, but he achieved many of his "westernization" objectives. Without his rule, Russia may not have become the powerful nation that it needed to be in order to survive in the early-modern era.